Dr. Roma Solomon, Secretariat Director
Secretariat Host Organization/Project Concern International (PCI)
The project maintains population immunity against polio and promotes high routine immunization coverage through social mobilization (SMNet) for polio and other vaccine-preventable diseases like measles. In FY20, CGPP India, as part of its transition plan, began phasing out community mobilizers to place greater focus on training government-paid community health workers (ASHAs) and supervisors. The project incorporated COVID-19 activities at no cost through the polio platform to protect communities by forming 500 Community Action Groups to ensure community engagement for risk reduction on stigma and adoption of healthy behaviors. Due to the impact of COVID and the emergence of cVDPVs in neighboring Pakistan, parts of the India transition plan may be delayed in FY21.
Implementation Focal Sites
CGPP operates in 12 districts (56 blocks) in Uttar Pradesh (UP) state and one district (two blocks) in Haryana state.
Adventist Development and Relief Association (ADRA), Catholic Relief Services (CRS) and Project Concern International (PCI) and seven local NGOs: ADRA India, Gorakhpur Environmental Action Group (GEAG), Meerut Seva Samaj (MSS), Sarathi Development Foundation (SDF), People’s Action for National Integration (PANI) Jan Kalyan Samiti (JKS) and Society for All Round Development (SARD).
Not too long ago, India had been one of the stubbornest places worldwide to eradicate polio. In 2009, India reported 741 polio cases – more than any other country in the world. By 2010, India slashed its reported cases to 42, just a small proportion of the 1,352 global cases. In a truly remarkable accomplishment, India completed 2012 without a single case of wild poliovirus. The country was certified polio-free in March 2014.
Sustaining community participation for polio vaccination after achieving polio-free status is an immense challenge. Today, CGPP India supports large-scale vaccination campaigns, ensures robust disease surveillance systems, and readies with response plans for potential outbreaks. A highly committed field staff continues to maintain high levels of OPV coverage during SIAs and routine immunization.
Formed in 1999, CGPP India vigilantly addresses pockets of low immunization coverage and gaps in surveillance by reaching significant populations of migrants and underserved communities with effective communication interventions for polio campaigns and routine immunization sessions. Through two SIAs in FY20, CGPP reached 355,991 children with vaccinations.
Through the CORE Social Mobilization Network (SMNet), CGPP India reaches chronically neglected and underserved populations. With its extensive reach, the SMNet provides support through social mobilization activities in a total of 13 high-risk districts. In FY 2020, 757 community volunteers reached 1.2 million people with social mobilization messages, health education, and direct support. The highly respected network of motivated and dedicated mobilizers taps into years of knowledge, resources and skills to establish trusted relationships with families. The SMNet is a blueprint for connecting with people, their cultures, and their communities to improve health maternal and child health outcomes in complicated settings.
Dr. Roma Solomon, Director
Jitendra Awale Deputy Director
Rina Dey, BCC Advisor
Manojkumar Choudhury, M&E Specialist
Mrigendra Singh, Asst. Manager Finance & Program Support
REPORTS AND RESOURCES
In honor of World Immunization Week 2017, Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, featured a CGPP interview with a mother from Asmoli village in Utter Pradesh explaining why she is immunizing her baby. See the post on vaccineswork.org, and watch the full interview here.
Thank you letter to CGPP-India from the Commissioner or Moradabad, one of India’s highest-risk districts, 2014
Choudhary M.; Solomon R.; Awale J.; Dey R; Singh J.P. Weiss; William. Significance of a social mobilization intervention for engaging communities in polio vaccination campaigns: Evidence from CORE Group Polio Project, Uttar Pradesh, India. J Glob Health 2021,11:07011.
Solomon R. The Untold Story of Community Mobilizers Re-engaging a Disengaged Community During the Endemic Era of India’s Polio Eradication Program. Global Health: Science and Practice. 9(1), 2021. pp S6-S8.
Sacks, E.; Schleiff, M., Were, M.; Chowdhury, A.M.; Perry H.B.; (2020) Communities, universal health coverage and primary health care. Bulletin World Health Organization, 98:773–780
Solomon, R. (2019). Involvement of Civil Society in India’s Polio Eradication Program: Lessons Learned. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 101(Suppl 4), 2019, pp. 15–20.
Awale, J.; Choudhary, M.; Solomon, R.; Chaturvedi, A. (2019). Effective partnership mechanisms: A legacy of the Polio eradication initiative in India and their potential for addressing other public health priorities. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 101(Suppl 4), 2019, pp. 21–32.
Choudhary, M.; Perry, H.B.; Solomon, R. (2019) Effectiveness of a census-based management information system for guiding polio
eradication and routine immunization activities: evidence from the CORE Group Polio Project
in Uttar Pradesh. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 101(Suppl 4), 2019, pp. 33–44.
Estívariz, C. F., Jafari, H., Sutter, R. W., John, T. J., Jain, V., Agarwal, A., Verma, H., Pallansch, M. A., Singh, A. P., Guirguis, S., Awale, J., Burton, A., Bahl, S., Chatterjee, A., Aylward, R. B. (2012). Immunogenicity of supplemental doses of poliovirus vaccine for children aged 6-9 months in Moradabad, India: a community-based, randomized controlled trial. The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 12(2), 128-135.
Addressing inequity by reaching marginalised groups to improve immunization coverage – Lessons from India Polio Eradication Program for health system strengthening and universal coverage, Power Point Presentation, APHA 2018
Videos from India CGPP may be found here