Ethiopia

Ethiopia


ETHIOPIA

Dr. Filimona Bisrat, Secretariat Director and Senior Regional Technical Advisor

Secretariat Host Organization/ Consortium of Christian Relief and Development Associations (CCRDA)

Programmatic Focus

CGPP Ethiopia reaches underserved rural, pastoralist, and semi-pastoralist border areas to facilitate opportunities to vaccinate and conduct case search to maintain AFP surveillance quality. The CGPP focuses on preventing polio through assistance to large-scale vaccination campaigns (SIAs), strengthening immunization systems, and community-based surveillance. Community Volunteers, Health Development Army Leaders (HDALs), and Health Extension Workers (HEWs) actively search and report cases of AFP, measles, and neonatal tetanus and track mothers from early pregnancy. They regularly conduct house-to-house health education sessions and social mobilization activities during routine and supplementary immunization campaigns. The project integrates COVID-19 awareness (at no cost) and community-based surveillance for three priority zoonotic diseases – rabies, anthrax, and brucellosis – to strengthen Global Health Security.

Implementation Focal Sites

CGPP Ethiopia operates in 85 rural, pastoralist, and semi-pastoralist border woredas (districts) across the five regions of Gambella (13 woredas), SNNP (13 woredas), Oromia (11 woredas), Somali (28 woredas) and Benshangul-Gumuz (20 woredas).

Implementing Partners

Five international PVOs – Catholic Relief Services*, Save the Children, World Vision, International Rescue Committee and Amref Health Africa – and four local NGOs – Pastoralist Concern, Ethiopian Orthodox Church, Ethiopian Evangelical Church Mekane Yesus and Organization for Welfare and Development in Action. *Additionally, local partners Bahir Dar-Dessie Catholic Secretariat and Harerghe Catholic Secretariat work with Implementing Partner CRS.

Overview

In November 2001, CGPP Ethiopia began operations in hard-to-reach communities with vaccination services and surveillance activities. Ethiopia is a country at high-risk for importation from neighboring conflict-affected Somalia and South Sudan. The government reported its last case of wild poliovirus in January 2014.  Due to COVID-19, low routine immunization coverage, and weak surveillance, parts of the country in 2021 continue to see climbing numbers of circulating Type 2 vaccine-derived cases (cVDPV2); the government reported 35 cases by the end of 2020.

Rugged terrain, scattered population settlements, weak health service systems, limited participation of key community members in the planning vaccination activities, and porous borders with polio-endemic areas pose the most significant challenges to control polio transmission in Ethiopia.  These barriers result in low community awareness about polio vaccination and AFP surveillance; resistance to the polio vaccine is minimal.

Ongoing ethnic and tribal conflict in Somali, Benshangul-Gumuz, Gambella and Oromia regions contributes to population displacement and impedes project staff movement, challenging project implementation. Another major concern has been the poor access to and the quality of health care, particularly for pastoralist populations and refugees crossing borders to escape conflict. There are significant disparities found across project regions. Still, all share several features: difficult geographies, weak health infrastructures (with low technical and managerial capacities), bureaucratic systems with little accountability, low routine immunization coverage, poor surveillance systems, unrestricted population movement, and vulnerable populations scattered along the hard-to-reach borders. Increasing the involvement of traditional and religious leaders is among several strategies employed by CGPP Ethiopia to improve community acceptance of the polio vaccine rather than seek traditional healers to treat vaccine-preventable diseases.

The CGPP in Ethiopia has been a pioneer in using community volunteers for immunization promotion and community-based surveillance activities. In FY 2020, an active network of 10,506 Community Volunteers and Health Development Army Leaders (CVs/HDALs) provided crucial support to increase the coverage of polio and other routine immunizations as well as surveillance of polio, measles and tetanus in hard-to-reach, high-risk, pastoralist and semi-pastoralist regions, which are sparsely populated. CVs, HDALs and Health Extension Workers (HEWs) actively search and report cases of AFP, measles and neonatal tetanus and tracked newborns from early pregnancy. In 2020, the NPAFP rate in project areas was 3.58 per 100,000 children under 15 years, an improvement from FY19 and significantly higher than the national rate of 2.1 per 100,000 children. Project areas reported 45 NPAFP cases, with CGPP CVs/HDALs reporting 75.5%; 29 cases were from nomadic populations.

CGPP Ethiopia volunteers regularly conduct house-to-house health education sessions and social mobilization activities during routine and supplementary immunization campaigns. In FY 2020, the CGPP reached 3.2 million persons with routine and supplementary immunization campaigns, community-based disease surveillance, and house-to-house health education activities to track and register pregnant mothers, newborns, and defaulter children. CVs/HDALs referred 128,026 pregnant women (NNT and ANC care), newborns, and defaulters to health centers during the 2020 project year. They also referred 16,357 defaulters to vaccination posts.

 

CGPP 2019_Ethiopia

SECRETARIAT STAFF

Dr. Filimona Bisrat, Director

Legesse Kidanne, Deputy Director

Muluken Asres, GHS Advisor

Asrat Asress, Program Officer

Tenager Tadesse, M & E Officer

Bethelehem Asegedew, Communication Officer 

Solomon H/Selassie, Senior Finance Officer

Bahiru Getachew, Finance Officer

Sophia Yoseph, Administrative & Liaison Officer

NEWSLETTERS

Newsletter October – December 2020

Newsletter July – September 2020

Newsletter April to June 2020

Newsletter January to March 2020

Newsletter October – December 2019

Newsletter July – Sept 2019

Newsletter April – June 2019

Newsletter January – March 2019

Newsletter April – June 2018

Newsletter October 2017 – March 2018

View past newsletters here

TECHNICAL ARTICLES

Bisrat, F.; Tadesse, T.; Tsehay, M.; Teshome, S.; (2020). Health worker and caregiver interaction during child vaccination sessions at health facilities in Somali region of Ethiopia: a qualitative study. Int. J. of Health Serv. Res. and Policy.  5(2): 81-90.

Teshhome, S.; Kidane, L.; Asres, A.; Alemu, M.; Asgidew, B.; Bisrat F.; (2020) Quality of health worker and caregiver interaction during child vaccination sessions: A qualitative study from Benishangul-Gumuz region of Ethiopia. Ethiop. J. Health Dev. 34 (2)

Asegedew, B.; Tessema, F.; Perry, H.B.; Bisrat, F. (2019) The CORE Group Polio Project’s community volunteers and polio eradication in Ethiopia: self-reports of their activities, knowledge, and contributions. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 101(Suppl 4), 2019, pp. 45–51.

Tessema, F.; Bisrat, F.; Kidane, L.; Assres, M.; Tadesse, T.; Asegedew, B. (2019). Improvements in Polio Vaccination Status and Knowledge about Polio Vaccination in the CORE Group Polio Project Implementation Areas in Pastoralist and Semi-Pastoralist Regions in Ethiopia, Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 101(Suppl 4), 2019, pp. 52–58.

Stamidis, K.V.; Bologna, L.; Bisrat, F.; Tadesse T.; Tessema F.; Kang, E. (2019). Trust, communication, and community networks: How the CORE Group Polio Project community volunteers led the fight against Polio in Ethiopia’s most at-risk areas trust. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 101(Suppl 4), 2019, pp. 59–67.

Bisrat, F. Endeavors to improve immunization uptake in Ethiopia [Editorial]. The Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, 33(Special issue).

Tadesse, T., Gelaw, B., Haile, Y., Bisrat, F., Kidanne, L., Asres, M., Asress, A., Asegdew, B. & Tessema F. (2019) Immunization service availability and readiness in primary health care in pastoral and semi-pastoral CGPP Ethiopia implementation districtsThe Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, 33(Special issue).

Asres, M., Tessema, F. (2019) Contribution of plastic bags to the retention of child immunization cards in Gambella Region and Assosa Zone, Benishangul-Gumuz Region, Ethiopia. The Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, 33(Special issue).

Bisrat, F., Abdissa, S., Asres, M., Tadesse, T., Kidanne, L., Asegdew, B., Zeleke, S., Asress, A., Tessema, F. (2019) Healthcare workers readiness immunization services at primary health care units in pastoral and semi-pastoral regions in Ethiopia: CORE Group Polio Project implementation areas. The Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, 33(Special issue).

Kidanne, L., Solomon, M., Bisrat, F., Asres, M., Tadesse, T.,  Asress, A.,  Asegdew, B., Zeleke, S., Tessema, F. (2019) Child vaccination timing intervals and missed opportunities in pastoral and semi-pastoral areas in Ethiopia . The Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, 33(Special issue).

Asres, M., Wachiso, A., Bisrat, F., Tadesse, T., Kidanne, L., Asegdew, B., Asress, A., Tessema, F. (2019) Immunization service providers’ knowledge, attitude and practice in primary health care units in pastoral and semi-pastoral areas of Ethiopia: CORE Group Polio Project. The Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, 33(Special issue).

REPORTS AND RESOURCES

Technical Brief: Continuity of CGP-GHS Activities in Ethiopia During COVID-19 Pandemic

Towards Eradicating Polio Video

Community-based Surveillance Training Manual for Targeted Diseases and Signals

Social Mobilization: Lessons from the CORE Group Polio Project in Angola, Ethiopia, and India

Enhancing AFP Surveillances in Ethiopia Somali Region: Some Good Practices in the Implementation of BMGF Supported Project

AFP Case Detection and Status of Surveillance in Pastoralist and Semi-pastoralist Communities of CORE Group Polio Project Implementation Districts (woredas) in Ethiopia

Newborn Tracking for Polio birth dose vaccination in Pastoralist and Semi-pastoralist CORE Group Polio Project Implementation Districts (Woredas) in Ethiopia

CGPP Ethiopia 5 years summary report 2013 – 2017

CGPP Ethiopia Baseline Survey Report

CONFERENCE PRESENTATIONS

Improving Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP) Early Case Detection and Reporting in Pastoralist and Hard-to-reach part of Ethiopia using CORE Group Ethiopia Community Volunteers, APHA 2020

Evaluate child vaccination coverage and dropout rates in pastoral and semi-pastoral regions in Ethiopia: CORE Group Polio Project implementation areas, APHA 2020

From Polio and Measles to Rabies and Anthrax: Leveraging 20 Years of Experience in Vaccine-Preventable Disease Surveillance for One Health Community-Based Surveillance in Ethiopia, World One Health Congress 2020

Health Care Service Providers Practice on Reporting Adverse Events Following Immunizations and Factors and Challenges Affecting it in Pastoral Zone of Ethiopia, APHA 2019

Community Volunteers and Their Knowledge and Practice Related to Immunization, Vaccine Preventable Diseases and Disease Surveillance in Hard to Reach Pastoralist Community of Ethiopia, APHA 2019

Polio Birth Dose Vaccination in Pastoralist and Semi-pastoralist Communities: Evidences from CORE Group Polio Project Implementation Districts (Woredas) in Ethiopia, APHA 2019

Immunization Service Availability and Readiness in Primary Health Care Units in Pastoral and Semi-pastoral CGPP Ethiopia Implementation Districts, APHA 2019

Use of Dedicated Volunteer Community Mobilizers for Polio Eradication Program in Pastoralist, Hard to Reach and Bordering Part of Ethiopia,
APHA 2019

Assess Community Based Surveillance: A successful strategy to hunt hidden AFP cases in hard to reach and underserved communities in Ethiopia, APHA 2018

Role of religious leaders and knowledge of caretakers on child immunization in hard to reach and pastoralist communities in Ethiopia, APHA 2018

Immunization service availability and readiness in the hard to reach zones of Ethiopia: Quantitative Study, APHA 2018

Impact of Plastic Bag for Vaccination Card Retention, Two Semi Pastoralist Regions, Ethiopia, APHA 2018

Knowledge and Practice of Frontline Health Workers on Immunization Services Provision in Hard to Reach Districts of CORE Group Polio Project Operation Areas in Ethiopia, APHA 2018

Evaluate child vaccination timing and interval between doses in hard to reach, pastoral and semi-pastoralist areas in Ethiopia: Evidence from CORE Group Polio Project implementation areas, APHA 2017

Integrating Community Volunteers and Health Extension Workers to Increase Scalability and Sustainability, 13th World Congress on Public Health World Health Organization 2012

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