The following is a subset of resources formerly made available to USAID Child Survival and Health Grants Program grantees through technical assistance provided by MCHIP and the Maternal and Child Survival Program (MCSP). Many of these documents are also applicable to community-based programming in RMNCH more broadly.
Technical Reference Materials
TRM-Diarrheal Disease Prevention and Control (link coming soon!)
TRM- Family Planning
Technical reference materials are a product of the Bureau for Global Health, Office of Health, Infectious Diseases and Nutrition Child Survival and Health Grants Program USAID/GH/HIDN/Child Survival and Health Grants Program. This guide aims to help users think through the ability and needs in choosing to implement a family planning project or a family planning component of an integrated health project.
Technical reference materials are a product of the Bureau for Global Health, Office of Health, Infectious Diseases and Nutrition Child Survival and Health Grants Program USAID/GH/HIDN/Child Survival and Health Grants Program. These guides are not an official policy for practice; rather, they are basic everyday summaries to be used as field reference documents. This guide provides an overview of the global status of immunizations, guidelines on policies concerning immunization, and monitoring and evaluation indicators.
USAID and MCHIP have produced a new Malaria Technical Reference Material (TRM) with substantial updates. The series of guides aim to help program planners and implementers consider the many elements in a particular technical area of the Child Survival and Health Grants Program (CSHGP). They include substantial updates to technical information and M&E indicators.
TRM- Maternal and Newborn Care
Technical reference materials are a product of the Bureau for Global Health, Office of Health, Infectious Diseases and Nutrition Child Survival and Health Grants Program USAID/GH/HIDN/Child Survival and Health Grants Program. These guides are not an official policy for practice; rather, they are basic everyday summaries to be used as field reference documents. This guide covers key elements and stages of maternal and newborn care as well as giving guidance to program design.
TRM- Nutrition (link coming soon!)
This international handbook for nongovernmental organizations and civil society organizations (CSOs) is designed to serve as a primer for those considering joining the fight against tuberculosis (TB). It provides information on TB and how it is prevented, diagnosed and treated; how TB programs work on the ground; how communities and CSOs can get involved; and special populations that need extra attention. Included are step-by-step guidance on getting started in addressing TB, pitfalls to avoid, and a list of resources.
TRM- Social and Behavior Change
Technical reference materials are a product of the Bureau for Global Health, Office of Health, Infectious Diseases and Nutrition Child Survival and Health Grants Program USAID/GH/HIDN/Child Survival and Health Grants Program. These guides are not an official policy for practice; rather, they are basic everyday summaries to be used as field reference documents. This guide covers key elements of SBC strategy and theories of change as well as giving guidance to program design.
TRM- Health Systems Strengthening
This Technical Reference Materials (TRM) document is intended to serve as a basic introduction to Health System Strengthening (HSS) issues relevant to community-based child survival (CS) and health programs, and to facilitate access to key resources in each of the areas defined as Health System (HS) building blocks. In-depth technical, as well as contextual information is needed to apply many of the approaches presented here.
TRM- Quality Improvement
Technical reference materials are a product of the Bureau for Global Health, Office of Health, Infectious Diseases and Nutrition Child Survival and Health Grants Program USAID/GH/HIDN/Child Survival and Health Grants Program. These guides are not an official policy for practice; rather, they are basic everyday summaries to be used as field reference documents. This guide covers why and how to improve quality across health systems and gives and overview of methods of measurement.
Project Planning and Implementation
Equity Guidance ScreenshotHealth Equity Guidance
This guide was developed to give those who design and implement community-oriented health programs a systematic way of ensuring that equity is incorporated into program designs and that its improvement can be better demonstrated and explained. It focuses on equitable health outcomes.
Health Equity Guidance Checklist
This checklist will help identify gaps in the details needed for health equity programming and communicating about the equity approach. It complements a larger reference document, Considerations for Incorporating Health Equity into Project Designs: A Guide for Community-oriented Maternal, Neonatal, and Child Health Projects, which includes an annex of worksheets to keep track of information needed to make decisions about health equity programming.
MAMAN is based on the essential maternal and newborn care interventions and comprises the basic, minimum high-impact MNC interventions that should be implemented within a health program. The MAMAN framework comes with a core set of indicators, to track and report on the progress of the minimum package of maternal and newborn interventions. The framework also includes a questionnaire and tabulation plan to collect information on these indicators.
PDME Course Guides
This course provides mid- and senior-level country managers with the skills to develop project designs using a results framework. When these skills are used in the design process, project activities are more reliably linked to desired outcomes, and the elements necessary for success are more likely to be addressed. Additionally, the monitoring and evaluation plan is more likely to reflect project accomplishments. When these skills are not used, project design tends to start with the development of a list of activities that may or may not contribute effectively to achieving the desired results.
Knowledge, Practice and Coverage (KPC) Modules
Learn more about the Knowledge, Practice and Coverage (KPC) tool here.
KPC Module: Sick Child- ARI-CDD, Malaria, CCM
This module of the Rapid Knowledge, Practices and Coverage Survey yields information on care for a sick child, with a specific focus on diarrhea, suspected pneumonia, and suspected malaria. It addresses prevention, care-seeking, maternal knowledge, malaria testing, diarrhea management, and general sick child care. This instrument does not gather detailed information regarding treatment, but it does have specific indicators (and corresponding questions) for projects implementing community case management (CCM) activities (see Notes for Program Managers and Other Data Sources). Please note that while all three illnesses are combined in this module, a separate malaria module is available for those projects investing significant efforts in a malaria intervention. The module includes indicator definitions, a summary of updates made to the module, notes for program managers, interviewer instructions, the tabulation plan, suggestions for other data sources, and the survey questionnaire.
KPC Module: Malaria
This module yields information on malaria prevention and treatment—both for children under five and for pregnant women. The module includes indicator definitions, a summary of updates made to the module, notes for program managers, notes for interviewers, the tabulation plan, other data sources, and the survey questionnaire.
KPC Module: Immunization (link coming soon!)
KPC Module: Pregnancy Spacing and Family Planning
The module yields information on knowledge and practices related to healthy timing and spacing of pregnancy (HTSP) and family planning (FP). HTSP is an approach to family planning that helps women and families delay, space, or limit their pregnancies to achieve the healthiest outcomes for women, newborns, infants, and children. HTSP works within the context of free and informed contraceptive choice and takes into account fertility intentions and desired family size.
KPC Module: Nutrition
This module yields information on infant and young child feeding (IYCF), child anthropometry, and maternal nutrition. IYCF practices are critical because they impact the nutritional status and overall well-being of children under 2 years of age. Child anthropometric indicators provide outcome measures of nutritional status. Adequate nutrition is critical to child development, especially from the critical period from birth to two years of age, which is especially important for optimal growth, health, and development. Micronutrient malnutrition affects the health and survival of both women and their offspring. One of the most important factors responsible for maternal micronutrient deficiency is poor diets lacking diversity. Women achieving the minimum dietary diversity have a greater likelihood of meeting their micronutrient needs. The KPC Nutrition Module includes indicator definitions, a summary of updates made to the module, notes for program managers, interviewer instructions, the tabulation plan, suggestions for other data sources, and the questionnaire.
KPC Module: WASH
This module yields information on Water, Sanitation & Hygiene (WASH). The module includes indicator definitions, a summary of updates made to the module, notes for program managers, interviewer instructions, the tabulation plan, suggestions for other data sources, and the survey questionnaire.
KPC Module: Background (link coming soon!)
KPC Reference Tools and Other General Monitoring & Evaluation Reference Tools
How to Write a Survey Report
The KPC survey report should provide a detailed description of the study, present survey findings, and discuss the programmatic implications of those findings. Individuals who were not involved with the study should be able to read the report and get a good sense of the process and methods, not just the major findings. This updated version of “Writing the Survey Report” provides recommendations on the format and content of the KPC survey report.
Methodology and Sampling Appendix
This report is intended for PVO child survival program managers as a methodological complement to the revised KPC survey. It is not a manual or a training guide for the implementation of the KPC survey, although it may be used in conjunction with other training materials. Its purpose is to clarify some of the methodological questions that have developed from the use of the KPC survey over the last 10 years.
KPC Field Guide
In July 2001, the KPC Revision Task Force of the CORE Monitoring and Evaluation Working Group met to review the April 2001 draft of the KPC2000+ Field Guide. The current version of the guide (August 2001) incorporates recommendations from the Task Force. In its present form, the KPC2000+ Field Guide familiarizes the reader with the important issues and concepts related to KPC surveys.
KPC Training of Survey Trainers (TOST) Curriculum
The training of survey trainers (TOST) curriculum is designed to prepare KPC TOST participants to replicate training activities to teach KPC field staff to carry out a KPC survey.
Assessing Community Health Programs: Using LQAS for Baseline Surveys and Regular Monitoring; A Participant’s Manual and Workbook, Part II
This workbook takes the reader through using the LQAS method for baseline surveys and regular monitoring. It consists of six interactive modules, starting with the rationale for using the LQAS method, all the way through analyzing your results.
LQAS Protocol for Parallel Sampling (link coming soon!)
LQAS Frequently Asked Questions (link coming soon!)
The Rapid Household Survey Handbook [English]
The main purpose of this handbook is to serve as a practical guide for survey practitioners in both developing and developed countries. This handbook helps to design and implement small-scale rapid household surveys that provide reliable and timely health information in a cost efficient manner and with enough precision to support sound decision-making.
Rapid Health Facility Assessment
The Rapid Health Facility Assessment (R-HFA) was developed in 2006 by ICF Macro in colalboration with MEASURE Evaluation and a panel of experts from US PVOs, USAID, and other cooperating agencies. It was piloted by eight CORE Group PVOs in two stages in 2006-2007, with guidance from MCHIP, formerly CSTS+, and MEASURE Evaluation. The sampling and other instructions were refined in collaboration with the World Bank in 2007 for use in their Malaria Booster Initiative. The R-HFA was orginially designed for use by NGOs within the Child Survival and Health Grants Program (CSHGP), but as the Malaria Booster Initiative experience has shown, it is also suitable for use by District Health Management Teams (DHMTs). It is a relatively rapid instrument for measuring a small set of key indicators to give a “balanced scorecard” for MNCH services at the primary health care level (including an optional module for use with CHWs for community outreach services). View the R-HFA tools below:
- R-HFA Data Analysis Presentation
- R-HFA Introductory Presentation
- R-HFA Manual
- R-HFA Report Example – Rwanda
- R-HFA Data Entry Analysis Program with DHO
- R-HFA Data Entry & Analysis Example
R-HFA Survey Forms with DHOLiST Tool
The Lives Saved Tool (LiST), developed by the Institute for International Programs (IIP) at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates foundation, is a model that estimates the impact of scaling up health and nutrition interventions on newborn, child, and maternal health.
Taking the Long View Sustainability Manual and Annexes
This manual was designed to assist project managers, planners, and evaluators in their efforts to improve their approaches to planning for and assessing sustainability in health projects implemented in developing countries.
Organizational Capacity and Viability Assessment Tool (OCVAT)
The OCVAT is a semi-quantitative assessment tool. It can provide a good understanding of an organization’s capacity across all necessary functions (i.e., highlight the key strengths and weaknesses), but it is not as sensitive as a traditional survey tool with lists of questions, nor is it as burdensome as a survey covering the same breadth of functions would be. One of its advantages is that it serves as a learning tool as well as an assessment tool when applied as a self-assessment, giving respondents a concrete image of higher levels of capacity to strive for and a deeper understanding of each other’s view of the organization’s capacity through the consensus-building process.
Selected Case Studies, Briefs and Reports
Kenya Case Study
This case study aims to highlight seven Child Survival and Health Grants Program nongovernmental (NGO) partners in Kenya implementing projects from 1999-2010. It depicts how the effective collaboration between USAID, international NGOs, and the Kenyan Ministry of Health influenced and supported the development, implementation, and refinement of Kenya’s community health strategy.
OR Innovation Briefer
Brief highlighting work testing 30 innovative community and health system solutions in underserved, vulnerable populations across 23 countries.
USAID’s partnerships with International NGOs through the CSHGP
This brief highlights Child Survival and Health Grants Program’s contributions to advancing maternal, newborn and child health.
LiST Data Comparison in Mozambique
Using results of a recent review of evidence for community-based child health programming, a search was conducted for NGO child health projects implementing community-based interventions that had independently verified child mortality reduction estimates, as well as population coverage data for modelling in LiST.
Strengthening Community-Based Service Delivery Strategies for Promoting Child Survival
This document highlights four community-based delivery strategies that are common in most reports that have demonstrated improvements in child health in high-mortality, low-resource settings. These findings hould be of interest to district-level managers, Ministry of Health officials, national-level policy makers, and donors.
Quality Assessment of Operations Research Protocols
This evaluation assesses the relevance and equality of 24 Child Survival Health Grants Program concept papers on operations research studies submitted to MCHIP and USAID.
CSHGP Learning Agenda for MNH – Contributing to Emerging Priorities
USAID’s Child Survival and Health Grants Program has supported 29 grants to internatinoal nongovernmental organizations focusing on maternal and newborn health (MNH) since about 2005. The objective of this paper is to recommend a five-year prospective learning strategy for this MNH portfolio.
What Did USAID’s Child Survival and Health Grants Program Learn?
This study reviews 22 Child Survival and Health Grants Program projects dating to 2000.
Highlights from Final Evaluations in FY2011
This two-page brief highlights key points from the final evaluations of nine Child Survival and Health Grants Program projects that ended in 2011.
Summary of Rapid CATCH Indicators from CSHGP Projects Ending in Oct 2011
This report is intended to share Rapid CATCH and other select project data generated by USAID’s Child Survival and Health Grants Program projects that ended between October and December 2011. Eight of the nine projects focused on maternal, newborn and child health, while one focused on tuberculosis control.